welche-voraussetzungen-gibt-es-fuer-ein-studium.md 4.84 KB
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# What Requirements Are There For Studying?
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![Voraussetzungen Studium, Infoillustration von <a href=](https://collaborating.tuhh.de/itbh/hopon-study-gitbook/raw/master/de/abb/study_grafiken/welche-voraussetzungen-studium.jpg)Riesenspatz</a> für Hop-on, ist lizenziert unter einer [Creative Commons Lizenz CC-BY 4.0](https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/)" />
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You can attend many different types of courses at various universities.
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Generally, you differentiate between studies at an institute of higher education by:
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- Undergraduate studies, mostly bachelor's or state exams (grundständiges Studium) and
- Postgraduate studies, mostly master's (weiterführendes Studium).
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More information can be found on study-in.de in [German](https://www.study-in.de/fluechtlinge/studieren/hochschulsystem/abschluesse-und-studiengaenge_53752.php) and [English](https://www.study-in.de/refugees/study/higher-education-system/university-degrees-and-programmes_53752.php).
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You have to meet requirements for your studies in all institutes of higher education and in all federal states especially for a bachelor's. The federal states and institutes of higher education often have their own rules especially for state exams and master's.
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Institutes of higher education can make exceptions based on individual cases. They can also decide themselves what additional requirements you have to fulfill.
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We will concentrate on the general requirements for a bachelor's.
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If you didn't get your high school diploma in Germany, there are special rules about the requirements for your studies.
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If you applied for asylum and you have a temporary permission to stay, an exceptional leave to remain or a residence permit, then you have to follow the same rules as international students.
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International students come specifically to Germany to study (Visas). More information about who needs a visa can be found on [Make it in Germany](http://www.make-it-in-germany.com/de/fuer-fachkraefte/ausbildung-lernen/studium/in-5-schritten-zum-studium/vorbereiten). The website is in Germany, English, French and Spanish.
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The difference is important because people that applied for an asylum:
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- Must meet the same requirements as international students (Higher Education Entrance Qualification (Hochschulzugangsberechtigung, HZB) and language skills (Sprachkenntnisse)),
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- But don't need proof of their financial resources like international students do,
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- An application for financial help from the state for your studies can be shown instead if you have an exceptional leave to remain or a temporary permission to stay (in contrast to international students).
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The most important conditions to fill for a bachelor's are:
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**1 Higher Education Entrance Qualification (Hochschulzugangsberechtigung / HZB)**
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If you have a Higher Education Entrance Qualification it means you have permission to study at an institute of higher education. There are many different possibilities to receive a HZB. Most people get a HZB thanks to their high school diploma.
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If you got your high school diploma in another country, you have to check whether it counts as a higher education entrance qualification in Germany.
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You can find more information in the chapter called [What high school diploma do I need so I can start my studies?](../voraussetzungen/welchen-schulabschluss-braucht-man-fuer-ein-studium. md)
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**2 Language Level (German and/or English)**
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Most courses are taught in German. Therefore, you need a good level of German. You have to take a test to show what your language level in German is. There are several tests that are accepted by institutions of higher education.
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Some courses are taught in English. The institutes of higher education usually decide what English level you need and how you have to prove it.
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In a video from the Universität Tübingen, Samer Assadi talks about his experience with studying [Interdisciplinary American Studies](http://fluchtpunkt.mewi-projekte.de/#Samer_Assadi_-_Vorstellung).
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You can find more information in the chapter called [What high school diploma do I need so I can start my studies?](../voraussetzungen/welchen-schulabschluss-braucht-man-fuer-ein-studium. md)
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**Tip:**
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For some courses, you have to meet additional requirements.
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More information can be found in the chapter called [What additional requirements and rules are there?](welche-voraussetzungen-und-regeln-gibt-es-zusaetzlich.md)
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## What can I do if I did not meet the requirements to study (yet)?
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It depends what requirements you don't meet:
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- [Higher Education Entrance Qualification](welchen-schulabschluss-braucht-man-fuer-ein-studium.md)
- [Language skills](welche-sprachkenntnisse-braucht-man-fuer-ein-studium.md) or
- [practical experience](welche-voraussetzungen-und-regeln-gibt-es-zusaetzlich.md).
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For more information have a look at [How Can I Be Prepared For My Studies?](../vorbereitungen/was-ist-studienvorbereitung.md)
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Score: [31.07.2017]